Cashew is a tree crop, a small to medium tree, generally single-trunked
and spreading in habit, up to 10-12m in height. In older trees, the spread may
be greater than height, with lower limbs bending to touch the ground. Leave are thick, prominently veined, oval to spatulate in shape, with blunt tips and entire margins.
Most cashew trees start bearing fruit in the thirdor fourth year and are likely to reach their mature yield by the seventh year if conditions are favorable. The average yield of nuts of a mature tree is in the range of 7-11 kg per annum. Although the cashew tree is capable of living for 50-60 years, most trees produce nuts for about 15-20 years
The cashew tree has been cultivated for food and medicine for 400 years.
The various parts of the cashew fruits are of economic value. This includes Apple, nut, and kernel.
Cashew Apple or false fruit: is an edible food rich in vitamin C. It can be dried, canned as a preserve, or eaten fresh from the tree. It can
also be squeezed for fresh juice, which can then be fermented into cashew wine which is a very popular drink in West Africa. In Brazil, the apple is used to manufacture jams and soft and alcoholic drinks.
Cashew wine: Cashew wine is made in many countries throughout Asia and
Latin America. It is a light yellow alcoholic drink, with an alcohol content of
Cashew nut kernel: The primary product of cashew nuts is the
kernel, which is the edible portion of the nut and is consumed in three ways:
It requires a warm humid climate, with a minimum of 600mm rainfall, but
well-distributed rainfall is more important. Cashew thrives under a wide range of temperatures from 15º to 40º degrees Celsius. The cashew is a strong plant that is renowned for growing in soils, especially sandy soils that are generally unsuitable for other fruit trees. For the best production, deep well-drained sandy or sandy-loam soil is recommended. Read Here